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Cornwall History : A Chronology of Some Events
 
The following list of historic events reflects just some of our Cornwall adventures. We visit many ancient places during our Cornwall tours and see amazing historic happenings echoed in the Cornish landscape.  
 
NB many of the early dates given are very approximate. (See tour calendar tab for planned tours.)
 

280 million years ago Cheesewring rocks formed, Bodmin Moor (St. Michael ley line)

8000 BC End of the Quaternary Ice-Age, Britain no longer joined to European mainland

5000 BC Neolithic or New Stone Age begins

Neolithic Trethevy Quoit

Neolithic Lanyon Quoit

Neolithic or Early Bronze Age Stowes Pound and enclosure at Rough Tor

2500 Bronze Age begins

Bronze Age: Rocky Valley Labyrinth carvings (1800 BC)

Bronze Age The Hurlers Stone Circle (1500 BC)

Bronze Age Rillaton Barrow, Rillaton Gold Cup (gold cup dated to c.1500 BC) possible links to Mycenaean Greece and Trojan Wars…

Bronze Age The Merry Maidens

Bronze Age Men-An-Tol

1700 BC Submerged wood at St Michael’s Mount      

700 BC Iron Age begins, climate change and new technology

Iron Age, Castle-An-Dinas hill-fort

500 BC possible start of occupation of Carn Euny

55 BC First expedition of Caesar to Britain

43 AD Start of Roman occupation, Claudian invasion

0 - 400 AD occupation of Chysauster Village

311 AD Roman persecution of Christianity ends

324 Constantine is sole emperor

324 Roman ‘milestone’ in Tintagel church

330 Christianity is official religion of Roman Empire

410 Romans leave Britain undefended and the Dark Age begins

400 - 500 King Brychan of Wales (associated with Uther Pendragon) has 12 to 63 children – many become Cornish saints

400 - 500 St Julietta and St Materiana (both Tintagel/Boscastle) Two of Brychan’s children?

400 - 500 King Arthur’s time

400 - 500 Cross at Altarnun church (St Non, mother of St David) 

490 Battle of Mount Baddon King Arthur’s 12th victory (Gildas)

540 Slaughterbridge stone, Battle of Camlann

400 - 600 Construction of rectangular buildings on Tintagel ‘island’ and date of pottery imports

400 - 600 Hermit’s cell at St Nectan’s Glen constructed/occupied

709 Saxons at the Tamar (Cornish Devon border)

823 Another battle at Slaughterbridge

875 Saxon King Doniert drowns, on his way to battle

1066 Norman Conquest

1086 St Materiana's church Tintagel reconstructed from earlier building

1086 Doomesday survey

1099 Sea level rise (Anglo Saxon Chronicles)

1136 – 11138 Geoffrey of Monmouth writes The History of The Kings of Britain (includes King Arthur’s conception at Tintagel

1128 first Cistercian house in England (Surrey)

1191 Monks at Glastonbury announce discovery of Guinevere & King Arthur’s graves

1236 Earl Richard buys Bossiney manor and commissions the start of work building Tinatgel Castle

1257 Richard appropriates the living of Tintagel to Fontevrault Abbey, France

1278 Buckland Abbey founded

1330 The Black Prince is born, (later becomes the first Duke of Cornwall)

1337 Edward III establishes Duchy of Cornwall, by this time the roof of Tintagel castle has been placed in storage

1338 The borough of Tintagel has 158 households recorded in Subsidy rolls

1345 Edward III gives The Black Prince the Duchy of Cornwall

1348 Black Death arrives in Dorset

1354 Black Prince orders work on Tintagel Castle, but stays at Restormel Castle

1371 Rough Tor chapel licensed and dedicated to St Michael

1380 c. Old Post Office Tintagel original construction

1381 Peasants Revolt

1409 Hermit’s Chapel built on Roche Rock, dedicated to St Michael

1500 - 1600 Old Post Office thatched roof replaced with slate

1534 Henry VIII becomes head of the Church of England, start of Dissolution of the Monasteries and damage to many churches

1539 Buckland Abbey surrenders to royal commissioner

1539 Henry VIII begins building programme, including Pendennis and St Mawes castles, Falmouth

1541 Buckland Abbey is bought by Sir Richard Grenville of Bideford (RG1).

1539 - 1542 Sir Francis Drake born

1542 Sir Richard Grenville born (RG2) Grandson of RG1

1545 Roger Grenville (son of RG1) drowned in sinking of the Mary Rose

1549 Cornish Prayer Book Rebellion

1563 Sir Richard Grenville (RG2) comes of age and enters Buckland Abbey

1577- 1579 Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe in the Golden Hind

1580 Drake buys Buckland Abbey for £3 500

1581 Drake becomes Lord Mayor of Plymouth

1583 Sir Richard Grenville (RG2) surveys Tintagel Castle and Boscastle Harbour to assess defences against Spanish

1584 Drake becomes MP for Bossiney (later part of Tintagel Parish)

1587 Drake attacks Cadiz, Spain

1588 Drake defeats Spanish Armada

1591 Spanish capture Sir Richard Grenville’s ship the Revenge and he dies

1595 Mousehole village (Cornwall) and nearby Paul church burnt down by Spanish

1596 Drake dies at sea

1603 Queen Elizabeth I dies

1642 English Civil War begins

1640s Richard Grenville (1600 – 1658), descendant of RG1 and RG2 imprisoned at St Michael’s Mount. 'The Kings General' (du Maurier)

1646 St Michael’s Mount, Royalist surrender

1649 Charles I beheaded

1650 There are 21 slate/stone quarries recorded on sea-cliffs at Tintagel.

1660 Restoration of Monarchy, Charles II

1660 Plague

1666 Great Fire of London

1776 Death of Daniel Gumb (Minions)

1777 Dolly Pentreath, reputed to be the last person to speak only Cornish, dies in Mousehole

1800 c. Land’s End identified over Cape Cornwall as most westerly point in England

1830 Egyptian House Penzance commissioned

1831 St Cleer parish population 982 (Minions) 

1836 Discovery of Caradon copper lode (Minions)  

1841 St Cleer parish population 1 412 (Minions) 

1844 Murder of Charlotte Dymond

1846 Cheesewring Quarry opens

1846 Queen Victoria visits Crown Mines, Botallack

1846 Railway linking Minions to Looe and Liskeard canal completed

1851 St Cleer parish population 2 343 (Minions)   

1861 St Cleer parish population 3 931 (Minions)   

1870 s Copper price crash

1870 s Old Post Office Tintagel is the letter receiving office for the area

1903 Old Post Office Tintagel acquired by the fledgling National Trust

1931 Work starts constructing Minack Theatre

1933 Opening of King Arthur’s Great Halls, Tintagel

1980 s Geevor Mine attempts to re-open Botallack Mines

1981 December, Soloman Brown Lifeboat disaster Mousehole

1991 Final closure of Geevor Mine

1998 Artognou stone discovered at Tintagel Castle

2015 Are you coming to Cornwall?